Nasal Polyps – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
“Nasal polyps are soft, painless, noncancerous growths on the lining of your nasal passages or sinuses. They hang down like teardrops or grapes. They result from chronic inflammation due to asthma, recurring infection, allergies, drug sensitivity or certain immune disorders.” – myoclinic.org
Occurrence of small polyps does not cause any harm or pain as much as the large ones that can block the nasal passage that could lead to breathing problems, losing of smelling sense and make one susceptible to injections. Commonly found in adults this issue can be treated with proper medication that shrinks or eliminates the nasal polyps – however, if that does not work, ENT specialists often advice surgery to remove the same.
To start with; “symptoms” is the first thing that needs to be discussed; some of the common symptoms that are noticed in patients suffering from nasal polyps are as follows:
- Obstruction inside the nose
- Congestion in the nose
- Continuous sneezing
- Postnasal drip
- Runny nose
- Facial pain
- Loss of taste
- Itching sensation around the eye
- Chronic infection
Patients suffering from this condition also suffer from asthma, wheezing, sensitivity to fumes and odors/dust and chemicals. If you have noticed of being allergic to aspirin pr yellow dye considers consulting an ENT for further diagnosis.
Due to the nature of the medical condition, scientists have not been able to completely understand the actual cause – the reason why a chronic inflammation might take place triggering the formation of nasal polyps cannot be rightly placed however there are evidences “that people who develop polyps have a different immune system response and different chemical markers in their mucous membranes than do those who don't develop polyps.” – mayoclinic.org
The diagnosis of this condition involves close observation by ENT Specialists – a lighted instrument called the otoscope is inserted through the nasal passage to determine any growths, in case the formation is deeper inside a nasal endoscopy is advised. CT scan or in other words magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is also suggested in severe cases of nasal polyps, this helps capture the image of any kind of bone deformation caused by the inflammation or growth. Allergy tests are also conducted to diagnose the cause of the condition.
Treatment of Nasal Polyps includes medication and surgery. While medication reduces the size or eliminates the polyp, surgery is suggested when medication has rendered no effect in improving the condition. Steroids are sprayed in the nose to reduce the runny and blocked sensation also by reducing the size – some of the commonly used spray steroids used is fluticasone, budesonide and mometasone. Oral steroid such as prednisone is also suggested if nasal spray fails; however, none of the two are long term solutions and may cause side effects such as fluid retention, increased blood pressure and elevated pressure of the eye. Antibiotics are also advised to help resolve the allergies that might have caused the development. Only after all the above mentioned procedures are conducted that the patient is advised surgery that removes the growth.
For further expert/specialized advice consult the best ENTs in town, Jehangir Hospital in association with Apollo Group at: http://www.jehangirhospital.com
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