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Joint Replacement surgery-its possible causes and consequences

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It has been proven, and enforced by health experts that physical exercise such as hiking, aerobics, playing a sport are needed for the body to burn the excess the calories, and stay fit. Having a life style which has inadequate physical activity, leads to a number of health problems mainly related to the coronary arteries. While staying active, and having adequate physical activity is needed it is also important to not cause injury, harm to the body while performing exercises.

Practicing a sport rigorously, practicing dance such as Bharatnatyam, Kathak for a long time, lifestyle which involves intense physical work, arthritis or other diseases can cause wear and tear to the joints in the long run. The wear out happens over a period of time, and are mostly felt in old age. The wear out of joints causes pain, stiffness and swelling. Any damage to the joint limits flow of blood to the joint, and the bones which impairs its growth and function.

What happens if the joint which holds two or more bones in place wears out, and fails to function normal? The first symptoms are pain, stiffness, swelling in the area which slows the movement, mobility of the person. If the knee joint wears out for a person, it slows the ability to move around which affects the person from having a normal life. Other reason for any joint to not function normal is injury, fracture which displaces the joint and hence affects normal function.

If the condition cannot be treated by medication, massage then replacing the joint with a new joint is the only way of treating the condition. What happens in a joint replacement surgery? Any joint which holds two or more bones in place if it gets damaged, has to be replaced with a new joint. A joint replacement surgery is usually done for the knee, hip and sometimes for shoulders, ankle. The surgery is performed by an orthopedic surgeon, and may sometimes not need to replace the whole joint but only fix/repair the damaged part of the joint.

In a joint replacement surgery Pune, a new joint which is called prosthesis, made of plastic, metal or both is cemented or not cemented in place for the bone to grow into it. Both the methods may also be employed to keep the new joint in place. A cemented joint is mostly done for older people, whose bones are not that strong and are less mobile; whereas uncemented joint is mostly recommended for young people who have strong bones, though it may take longer for bones to grow into uncemented joints.

If a person needs joint replacement it can only be gauged by an orthopedic surgeon in Pune after imaging such as X-ray, of the damaged joint. A small lighted tube may also be inserted to look for damage and a small sample of the tissue may also be tested. Before deciding upon surgery, the doctor treats the condition with medicine and vitamins, walking aid such as braces or canes, physical therapy, or exercise. For treating arthritis, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroids or some other drugs. The downside of all medication is side-effects, and may also cause bone loss.

If all treatment fails to respond, the surgeon decides upon performing a surgery called osteotomy, in which the surgeon “aligns” the joint. The procedure involves, removing and cutting the bone around the joint to improve alignment. The procedure is simpler than joint replacement, but recovery period may be long. Joint replacement is the only option if the patient complains of constant pain and can’t move the joint well. Jehangir Hospital offers Joint Replacement surgery in Pune

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